A patent is an exclusive right granted by the government for an invention, which is either a product or process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. The exclusive rights help inventors to prevent others from taking advantage of their ideas/inventions.A patent provides protection for 20 years to an inventor for a new product or process in return for the disclosure of their invention. A utility model is easier to get than a patent and its protection is 10 years.
1.2 Requirements for an invention to be patentedi. Novel/new – The invention should not be described in any publication published anywhere in the world.
1.3 Steps to file a patent application Before filing for a patent application, it’s advisable for an applicant to conduct a basic search using any search engine like Google to determine if his/her invention is new.
|1||Applicant submits application for a patent containing the following:
• Request letter seeking patent protection
• Completed patent application form
• Patent specification– document describing the invention should include: title, abstract, description, claims and drawings if any. Claims define what shall be protected.
• Receipt of payment of application fees
• Power of attorney for someone not residing or whose business is not in
|2||URSB office receives documents and if the filing requirements have been satisfied, the application is assigned a filing dateand a patent application number.|
|3||Publication of patent application 18 months from the filing date|
An application found to be in order is subjected to search and examination as to substance. Here basically a Patent Examiner or other competent authority examines the patent application to determine if the claimed invention fulfills all requirements for patentability.
|1||Applicant submits request for examination of application, this should be within three years from the filing date.|
|2||Application is examined by an Examiner or other competent authority.|
|3||Examiner or other competent authority compiles an examination report, a copy|
|1||Applicant notified on grant/refusal of a patent|
|2||Upon notification of grant of patent, applicant shall pay grant fees|
|3||Issuance of certificate of grant of a patent|
|4||A granted patent shall as soon as practicable be published in the gazette.|